Nucleic acids are biological molecules that store, transmit, and express genetic information. They are essential to all known forms of life. Nucleic acids play a central role in the function and development of all living organisms, and they are essential to the transmission of genetic information from one generation to the next.
There are two main types of nucleic acids: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA).
Nucleic acid is built from nucleotide monomers. 12